The Role of Maxillofacial Surgery in Correcting and Treating Jaw Deformities


Maxillofacial surgery, an essential branch of surgical medicine, plays a pivotal role in addressing various types of jaw deformities that can impact an individual’s quality of life. Dr Mark Austin delves into the significance of this medical discipline and its role in diagnosing and treating different forms of jaw deformities.

Understanding Maxillofacial Surgery:

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) represents a specialized field dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects affecting the face, jaws, head, and neck. This encompasses both the soft and hard tissues within these regions. Maxillofacial surgery comes into play for intricate procedures related to the mouth and jaw, including cleft lip and palate surgeries, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, and corrective jaw surgery, also known as orthognathic surgery.

Realigning Jaw Structure:

One of the primary roles of maxillofacial surgery is to address common jaw deformities such as overbites and underbites. Overbites occur when the upper teeth extend beyond the lower teeth, while underbites involve the lower teeth sitting in front of the upper teeth when the mouth is closed. Orthognathic surgery is the solution, where maxillofacial surgeons skillfully reposition and secure the jawbones into their correct alignment using screws or plates, ultimately enhancing both form and function.

Rectifying Congenital Deformities:

Maxillofacial surgery also plays a critical role in treating congenital deformities like cleft lip and Dr Mark Austin palate. These conditions not only impact the aesthetics but also the functionality of the mouth and face. Surgeons employ meticulous techniques to close the gaps in the lip and palate, resulting in substantial improvements in appearance and function.

Restoring Facial Symmetry:

Individuals facing asymmetry issues, where one-half of the face differs from the other due to factors like trauma, congenital malformations, or growth abnormalities, can find restoration through maxillofacial surgery. Surgeons work to reestablish balance and symmetry in the face, enhancing both appearance and self-confidence.

Making the Decision to Undergo Maxillofacial Surgery:

Choosing maxillofacial surgery is a significant decision that requires careful consideration. While these procedures come with potential risks and lengthy recovery periods, the benefits often far outweigh the drawbacks. Patients frequently report improved facial structure, enhanced speech, comfortable eating, relief from pain and discomfort, and elevated self-esteem as some of the compelling advantages following surgery.


Maxillofacial surgery’s multifaceted role in diagnosing and treating jaw deformities is indispensable. From realigning jaw structures to rectifying congenital deformities and restoring facial symmetry, maxillofacial surgeons contribute significantly to enhancing both the form and function of the oral Dr Mark Austin and facial regions. The decision to undergo maxillofacial surgery is not taken lightly, but its transformative outcomes can profoundly impact an individual’s quality of life.